With its population rebounding in the 1990s due to an influx of young Americans from across the country and a surge of Mexican immigrants, Denver recovered from large population losses it experienced in the 1980s. According to the 2010 Census, Denver's population was just over 600,000. As of 2010, the city was 68 percent white, 10 percent African American, and 3 percent Asian. Approximately 31 percent of the population identifies as Hispanic or Latino. Sixty-two percent of the city's foreign-born residents have arrived in the last ten years and Mexicans represent about 25 percent of the city's total population. Additionally, residents in the their 20s and early 30s now make up Denver's largest age groups.
The Mile High City is also a leader in transit-oriented development, one of Denver's many contributions to community wealth building. For instance, the T-REX project, approved by voters in 1999, built a new 19 mile double-track light rail transit system with 13 new LRT stations, many of which have become the sites of transit-oriented development projects. Following the success of T-REX, voters in 2004 approved a sale tax to finance FasTracks, a $6.2 billion, 12-year comprehensive plan to build 122 miles of new light rail and commuter rail, 18 miles of bus rapid transit services, 57 new transit stations, and 21,000 additional parking spaces at transit park-n-rides, was approved by voters in 2004. These new stations will allow many more opportunities for transit-oriented development.
Denver is also home to other notable community wealth initiatives. The Urban Land Conservancy contributes to the surrounding community in a variety of ways, helping to secure land so that it remains affordable for schools, affordable housing, and office space for non-profits, while also providing financing and coordination to local community projects and initiatives. Another organization, Belay Enterprises, founded Bud's Warehouse, a career and life-skills training social enterprise that employs individuals rebuilding their lives from addiction, homelessness, or prison. Bud's Warehouse has since become a successful home improvement store and has now expanded to three additional locations.
An overview of community wealth building efforts follows: