Community Wealth Cities

Richmond, Virginia

The 32nd in our continuing series of Community Wealth Cities is Richmond, Virginia. Richmond has a complex history; once the capital of the Confederacy, it was also the first city to host a bank chartered by African- Americans. Its unique legacy as a site of both racial tension and progress creates interesting challenges and opportunities for community wealth building. Last fall, Richmond gained national attention for Mayor Dwight Jones’ anti-poverty plan, which calls for broad expansion of community wealth building and social enterprise activity.

Albuquerque, New Mexico

The largest city in New Mexico and one of the country’s most culturally diverse, Albuquerque is a rapidly growing metropolis in the heart of the Rio Grande Valley. Known as a hub for scientific and technological innovation — particularly in the energy sector — Albuquerque is also a center of Southwestern culture, with deep ties to its Native American heritage. Community wealth building organizations are working to protect this heritage and ensure that all residents equitably benefit in the face of rapid economic growth.

Atlanta, Georgia

Although part of a metropolitan area of more than five million inhabitants, the city of Atlanta is much smaller, with a population of just over 430,000. While the overall region gained 80,000 people a year in the 1990s, the city of Atlanta added only 22,000 residents. However, the pace of growth within the city has since increased greatly. In part, this is simply a product of overall metropolitan growth, as the Atlanta area has been the nation's fastest growing region since 2000. Read more about Atlanta, Georgia...

Austin, Texas

Known as "The Live Music Capital of the World," Austin has more music venues per capita than any other U.S. city. Besides being a cultural center, it’s also the state capital, a center for education, and the economic hub for a metropolitan area of over 1.7 million people. With a population of 820,600 according to the 2011 U.S. Census, Austin was the nation’s third-fastest-growing large city from 2000 to 2006, and is the fourth largest city in Texas. Read more about Austin, Texas...

Baltimore, Maryland

In the 2010 census, Baltimore had a population of 620,961 residents, a decline of 4.7% from 10 years before. The city's racial composition is 63.7% African American, 29.6 % White, and 2.3% Asian. Additionally 4.1% of Baltimore's population identifies as Hispanic or Latino. Baltimore used to be an industrial town, with an economic base driven by steel processing, shipping, and manufacturing and the city's largest employer was Bethlehem Steel. Now the leading employer is Johns Hopkins, which operates the city's largest university and hospital. Read more about Baltimore, Maryland...

Boston, Massachusetts

As the largest city in New England, and one of its oldest, Boston has long been the region's economic and cultural hub. According to the 2007 American Community Survey, the city's population is 50% white, 25% African American, 16% Hispanic, and 9% Asian. People of Irish and Italian ancestry comprise about one quarter of the city (16% and 8% respectively), while people of West Indian ancestry are the third largest group with 6.4% of the city's population. Read more about Boston, Massachusetts...

Buffalo, New York

In 1950, Buffalo, New York stood as the nation's eighth largest city, with a population of 580,000. In 2011, the U.S. Census estimated a population of 261,000 - 50% white, 38% black, 10.5% Latino, and 3% Asian. Similar to other Rust Belt cities, like Cleveland, Detroit and Pittsburgh, Buffalo has experienced decline as manufacturing companies, steel industries, and blue-collar jobs have disappeared. However, to fill this gap, the City and its residents have initiated new approaches and ideas to tough problems, revitalizing their city from both the top-down and the bottom-up. Read more about Buffalo, New York...

Chicago, Illinois

In the 2010 census, Chicago had a population of nearly 2.7 million residents. The city's population is 32.9% African American, 28% Hispanic, 5% Asian, and the remainder mostly non-Hispanic white. After decades of losing population, Chicago gained population during the 1990s, with a wave of new, young immigrants. Median household income grew at twice the national average. Community wealth building institutions have played an important role in the city's turn-around. Read more about Chicago, Illinois...

Cleveland, Ohio

Now the 45th largest city in the United States, the City of Cleveland’s prime location on the Great Lakes made it one of our country’s key transportation hubs and commercial and manufacturing centers by the late 19th century.  In fact, due primarily to its strong economy, Cleveland became the fifth largest city in the United States in 1920, and reached a population high of 914,808 in 1949. Read more about Cleveland, Ohio...

Columbus, Ohio

The largest city in Ohio, Columbus is also the capital of the state. According to the 2010 Census, Columbus is comprised of 787,000 people with a median age of 31.2 years old, seven years younger than the nation’s median. The city’s demographics are of 61.5 percent white, 28 percent African American, 4.1 percent Asian American, and 5.6 percent having a Latino/Hispanic background. Read more about Columbus, Ohio...

Denver, Colorado

With its population rebounding in the 1990s due to an influx of young Americans from across the country and a surge of Mexican immigrants, Denver recovered from large population losses it experienced in the 1980s. According to the 2010 Census, Denver's population was just over 600,000. As of 2010, the city was 68 percent white, 10 percent African American, and 3 percent Asian. Approximately 31 percent of the population identifies as Hispanic or Latino. Read more about Denver, Colorado...

Detroit, Michigan

In the 2000 census, Detroit had a population of 951,270 residents, marking the first time since 1920 that the city's population had dipped below one million. By 2011, the city had 706,585 residents, whose racial composition was 82.7% African American, 10.6% White, 6.8% Hispanic, and 1.1% Asian. Detroit's population has fallen by more than 60 percent from the city's population of 1.85 million in 1950. Read more about Detroit, Michigan...

Durham, North Carolina

Durham was once best known for its textile mills and its tobacco factories, including the “Bull Durham Tobacco and Company” and “Duke & Sons.” However, in the late 1980s Durham hit hard times, marked by the closure of Erwin Mills (Burlington Industries) in 1986 and, just one year later, of the American Tobacco factory. Read more about Durham, North Carolina...

Greensboro, North Carolina

The 31st in our continuing series of Community Wealth Cities is Greensboro, North Carolina. Situated in central North Carolina and a leading site of the civil rights movement (birthplace of the lunch counter sit-ins that led to the integration of restaurants and hotels), Greensboro today is the state’s third largest city. Organizations across the city are actively creating and implementing innovative community wealth building programs and strategies to help foster a healthier, vibrant local economy.

Houston, Texas

Spurred on by industry from its bustling port and railroad connections, a 20th century oil boom, and later from diversification into aerospace (the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center) and healthcare and biotechnology (the MD Anderson Cancer Center), the City of Houston has grown rapidly in population and economic output. Today, Houston is the fourth largest city in nation with a population of 2.1 million people and one of the youngest cities in the country. Read more about Houston, Texas...

Jacksonville, Florida

The eleventh most populous city in the nation and the largest in Florida, Jacksonville is home to community wealth building initiatives at every level – from the city- and region-wide to the most grassroots of efforts. Both the city-owned port and city-owned electric utility serve as important economic engines. Community-led efforts are striving to revitalize the city’s especially hard-hit northwest neighborhoods.

Kansas City, Missouri

Bordering and sharing a name with its suburban neighbor in adjacent Kansas, Kansas City, Missouri is the largest city in the state with a population of more than 460,000 in 2011. Known for its substantial musical contributions to jazz and blues starting in the 1930s, Kansas City is also informally referred to as the "Heart of America" by Kansas City residents since it is situated very near the geographic center of the nation. Read more about Kansas City, Missouri...

Los Angeles, California

Spanning across 500 square miles of Southern California, Los Angeles is the second most populous city in the United States with a 2010 census population of just under 3.8 million people. According to the 2010 census, 50% white, 10% black, and 15% Asian. Just under 50% of Los Angeles' population is Hispanic or Latino. In 2005, the city elected Antonio Villaraigosa, its first Latino mayor since 1872. Read more about Los Angeles, California...

Memphis, Tennessee

Capitol of the “Mid-South,” Memphis had over 652,000 residents in 2011, almost half of the region’s population. The Mid-South is the metropolitan hub of a five-state area which includes Tennesse, Kentucky, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisianna. With a worldwide reputation for culture and art (especially the blues), Memphis was also an important city during the Civil Rights movement, and the place where Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated. Read more about Memphis, Tennessee...

Miami, Florida

In the 2010 census, Miami had a population of approximately 399,500 residents. While judging by its population, Miami might be regarded as a mid-sized city, it forms the center of a much larger metropolitan region of more than 2.25-million, known as Miami-Dade County. The city's racial composition is 72.4% white, 19% African American, and the remainder Asian. Nearly 70% of Miami residents identify as Hispanic or Latino. Read more about Miami, Florida...

New Orleans, Louisiana

Five years after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita devastated New Orleans, more than halving the city's population from 455,000 right before the storm to about 210,000 residents right after, the Big Easy is making a comeback. According to the most recent data from the U.S. census, in July 2009, New Orleans' population has recovered to slightly more than 350,000. Demographically, according to the 2008 American Community Survey, the population is 61 percent African American, 30 percent white, 6 percent Latino, and 3 percent Asian. Read more about New Orleans, Louisiana...

New York, New York

As the nation's most populous city since 1790, New York City is currently home to an estimated 8.3 million people, according to the American Community Survey.  Throughout its history, the city has been the leading entrance point for immigrants coming to the United States, helping create an incredibly diverse city. Demographically, the city is 35 percent white (of which one third is Jewish), 28 percent Latino, 25 percent African American, and 12 percent Asian. Read more about New York, New York...

Oakland, California

The city of Oakland, California (population 396,000) is one of the nation's most multi-cultural cities, with a population that is roughly 35 percent white, 28 percent African-American and 16 percent Asian, with the remainder mixed race or other. Located across the Bay from San Francisco, Oakland is often seen as San Francisco's poorer cousin. But in recent years it has rebounded, due in part to its embrace of community wealth-building approaches. The city has backed some of these efforts, including an individual development account program and an affordable housing trust fund in 2002. Read more about Oakland, California...

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia is a diverse city spread across many ethnic neighborhoods. According to the 2010 Census, Philadelphia’s population is about 40% white, 43% African American, and 6% Asian. About 12% of Philadelphia's population identify as Hispanic or Latino. The city is home to the nation’s second largest Irish and Italian communities and the nation’s fourth largest African American and Polish communities. Read more about Philadelphia, Pennsylvania...

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Many people, when they think of Pittsburgh, tend to think of its past as the historic center of the U.S. steel industry. Not surprisingly, the demise of that industry has taken its toll on the city. At its peak in 1943, U.S. Steel alone employed 50,000 workers in the metro Pittsburgh area. Today, it employs less than 5,000. As a result, the "Steel City" has seen a steady population decline. In 1950, the population of Pittsburgh was 677,000. By 2000, it had fallen to less than half that level or 335,000, similar to the city's population level of a century before. Read more about Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...

Portland, Oregon

The city of Portland, Oregon has enjoyed an economic boom that was largely supported by growth in high technology industries. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, its population as of 2010 exceeded 583,000. The city's population is predominately white, but does have significant minority populations. Portland's population includes 9.4% who are Hispanic or Latino, 7.1% who are Asian American, 6.2% who are African-American and 1% who are American Indian. Read more about Portland, Oregon...

Providence, Rhode Island

In recent years, Providence has seen aesthetic and economic changes, uncovering its natural rivers and starting to stabilize neighborhoods across the city. Aiding this revival are a number of community wealth building initiatives, including multiple anchor institutions, numerous community development corporations seeking to increase affordable housing options for low-income residents, and policies to foster local job creation, such as the Job Now Providence program.

San Francisco, California

With 812,000 residents in just 47 square miles, San Francisco is the most densely populated large city in the state of California and second in the United States. It is the fourth largest county in California and its population has experienced more than a three and a half percent increase since 2000. According to the 2010 Census Bureau, San Francisco is 49 percent white, 33 percent Asian, 15 percent Hispanic or Latino, and six percent African-American. Read more about San Francisco, California...

San Jose, California

Located just south of San Francisco Bay in the heart of Silicon Valley, San Jose has grown to become northern California's largest city. The city's population in 2010 was 945,000, exceeding San Francisco's population by about 140,000. Like most large California cities, San Jose has a diverse population: 43% are white, 32% are Asian, and 3% are African-American. 33% of San Jose's residents identify as Hispanic or latino. As would be expected for the central city of the Silicon Valley, San Jose enjoys considerable wealth, but it also has a large low-income population.  Read more about San Jose, California...

Seattle, Washington

With an estimated population of 570,000, Seattle is a major economic, cultural and educational center of the Pacific Northwest. According to the 2006-2008 American Community Survey, Seattle is 71-percent white, 13-percent Asian American, 8-percent African American, and 6-percent Latino. Having ranked as first or second for the last four years as the most literate city in the nation, it also holds the title as the most educated large city in the country - with more than 53 percent of the population having a college degree or higher. Read more about Seattle, Washington...

St. Louis, Missouri

At the turn of the 20th century, St. Louis, Missouri was the fourth largest city in the nation. Although a combination of suburbanization, industrial restructuring, and job loss have created a smaller St. Louis today relative to other U.S. cities, in 2008, the "Gateway to the West" marked its first net population gain during a decade since 1950. Today, the city is home to more than 310,000 residents. Demographically, St. Louis is 49 percent African American, 46 percent white, 3 percent Latino and 2 percent Asian. Read more about St. Louis, Missouri...

The Twin Cities - Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota

Minneapolis, with its wide boulevards, organized grid layout, and modern downtown stands in striking contrast to the city of St. Paul across the river, with its late-Victorian architecture, narrower streets, and irregularly shaped neighborhoods. While the Twin Cities have a long history of rivalry and differ in appearances, toge

ther they both are home to many community wealth building initiatives and organizations. Read more about The Twin Cities - Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota...

Washington, D.C.

When most people think of Washington, D.C., they think of a city of iconic monuments, the Smithsonian museums, and the three branches of the Federal government. But Washington is also a thriving community of more than half a million residents. In the 2010 census, Washington, D.C. had a population of 601,723 residents, of whom 50.7 percent were African-American, 42.4 percent white, 3.7 percent Asian, and 2.5 percent mixed race. Read more about Washington, D.C....