Research Resources

Worker Cooperatives

Are Worker Co-ops the Silver Bullet?

Michelle Strutzenberger

The documentary Shift Change, produced by Melissa Young with Mark Dworkin and Moving Images, highlights the Mondragón cooperatives in Spain’s Basque Country, as well as a number of U.S. cooperatives. A recent review points out how the film also shows that operating a successful worker-owned co-op is not always simple. Shift Change, this review notes, presents worker-owned co-op as an attractive, alternative business model — especially in countries hit hard by the global economic crisis— while honestly portraying the challenges of sustaining a successful enterprise.

Immigrant Worker Owned Cooperatives: A User's Manual

Minsun Ji and Tony Robinson

This manual by Minsun Ji of El Centro Humanitario and Tony Robinson of the University of Colorado, Denver,  intended for workers (especially immigrant workers) and their advocates, provides detailed information about how to create, finance, manage, and grow worker cooperatives.

Preliminary Census of Worker Cooperatives in the United States

Melissa Hoover

This preliminary census gathers basic contact information, industry and sector information, and also attempts to gather data on size and longevity of existing worker cooperatives in the United States.

Cultivate.Coop

Cultivate.Coop is as an online hub for pooling knowledge and resources on cooperatives. It provides a free forum for those interested in cooperatives and serves as a place where people can build educational tools for the co-op community.

Data Commons Project

The Data Commons Project is a collaborative effort among a diverse array of organizations in the U.S. and Canada who share a mission of building and supporting the development of a cooperative economy. The group aims to develop an accurate, comprehensive, public database of cooperative economic initiatives in North America.

University & Community Partnerships

Campus Compact, “Program Models”

This website offers a very extensive national database of hundreds of programs designed to engage students, faculty, staff, campus and/or the community in service, service-learning, and/or civic engagement projects.

CIRCLE - The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement

Conducting research on the civic and political engagement of Americans between the ages of 15 and 25, The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE) works to expand and change the public conversation regarding young people. CIRCLE states that their work has helped illustrate the benefits and cost effectiveness of mobilizing young people for political campaigns and that the Center has provided technical assistance and research for more than 300 organizations that supply youth services.

Democracy and Higher Education: The Future of Engagement

A project of the New England Resource Center for Higher Education (NERCHE) and the Kettering Foundation, Democracy and Higher Education: The Future of Engagement is a forum dedicated to discussing challenges to and opportunities for advancing community engagement and democratic citizenship in higher education.  As the second part of this project, the forum promotes findings from the first part- a 2008 Higher Education and the Future of Engagement colloquium - and encourages further discussion related to these topics and themes.

Engaged Institutions

Funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, the Engaged Institutions project seeks to embed an ethos of “community engagement” in four major public universities: the University of Texas, El Paso; the University of California, Santa Cruz; the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities; and Pennsylvania State University. While the primary purpose of the site is to promote information sharing among program participants, the site also aims to inform a broader public audience. PolicyLink, based in Oakland, California, is the developer and maintainer of the site.

Higher Education Research Hub

The Higher Education Research Hub has on its website links to a wide range of resources relating to the role of higher education, including discussion of university-community partnerships. The site also includes links to most major higher education journals, professional associations, and many individual university websites.

Journal for Civic Commitment

The Journal for Civic Commitment, a journal supported by the federal government's Corporation for National Service, is dedicated to growing and strengthening the discussion around service learning. Published twice a year, the website makes available articles both from current and back issues.

Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement

The Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, formerly the Journal of Public Service and Outreach, promotes dialogue about the service and outreach mission of higher education. Published two times per year (fall/winter, and spring/summer), JHEOE is a peer-reviewed journal that prints articles from a broad range of scholars, practitioners, and professionals. Abstracts of articles published since 2000 are available on line.

National Center for Education Statistics

The National Center for Education Statistics is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data that are related to education in the United States, with a wealth of information and links to other education sector information sources. It also publishes the quarterly journal, Education Statistics Quarterly, which is available on its website.

National Service-Learning Clearinghouse

The National Service-Learning Clearinghouse (NSLC), a program of Learn and Serve America (a branch of the federal government's Corporation for National Service), operates a website supporting the service-learning efforts of schools, higher education institutions, communities, and tribal nations. The site offers thousands of free online resources, the nation's largest library of service-learning materials, national service-learning listservs, and reference and technical assistance services.

Saguaro Seminar: Civic Engagement in America—Harvard University

The Saguaro Seminar is an ongoing initiative of Professor Robert D. Putnam at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. The project focuses on expanding what we know about our levels of trust and community engagement and on developing strategies and efforts to increase this engagement. Current areas of research include: the relationship between workplace policies and social capital both at work and at home; the relationship between social capital, diversity and equality; and the relationship between religion and public life.

Anchor Institutions

The Prevention Institute

The Prevention Institute gathers cutting-edge research, practice, and analysis on current health and safety issues with the goal of improving prevention practices throughout the US. Through connecting prevention initiatives and integrating research and practice, the Prevention Institute focuses on encouraging the prevention of major health and safety issues instead of reactive action. Site visitors can find tools to help develop strategy, collaboration, and community engagement.

Asset-Based Community Development Institute (ABCD), Northwestern University

Established in 1995, the ABCD Institute is built upon three decades of community development research by John Kretzmann and John L. McKnight. The ABCD Institute focuses its efforts in two areas: (1) through extensive and substantial interactions with community builders, and (2) by producing practical resources and tools for community builders to identify, nurture, and mobilize neighborhood assets and anchor institutions.

Center for Quality Growth and Regional Development, Georgia Institute of Technology

CQGRD is an applied research center, studying solutions that communities, particularly in the Southeast United States, can implement in order to foster quality growth and development. The Center aims to bring together governmental, legal, health, engineering, architecture, environmental, policy, planning, and non-profit communities on issues related to community design, the environment, health, land development, and transportation/infrastructure, developing strategies that build on area anchor institutions.

City, Land and the University Program, Lincoln Institute

The City, Land and The University Program focuses on university real estate development from the perspective of a variety of actors including the university, the adjacent neighborhood, and the city itself. This site contains a wide variety of resources for educators, economic development practitioners, city administrators, university leaders, real estate developers, and community groups

Community Foundation Insights

A division of FSG Social Impact Advisors, CFI aims to serve as a centralized data resource for community foundations. Through its research, CFI seeks to identify best practices in the field and produce reports analyzing trends among groups of community foundations, particularly on issues related to sustainability.

Community-Engaged Scholarship for Health (CES4Health.info)

Offering an alternative to paid journals, Community-Engaged Scholarship for Health provides a free, online forum for health-related community-engaged scholarship. Including non-traditional work useful to community practitioners but often overlooked, such as training manuals, policy briefs, presentations, instructional DVDs and online curricula, CES4Health.info maintains an editorial staff of both academic and community reviewers that peer-reviews all submissions.

Creative Class Group

Based on the work of economic development professor Richard Florida, this website contains case studies and research on the role of creativity—and cultural and educational institutions that anchor creativity—in contemporary American society.

Cultural Policy and the Arts National Data Archive

CPANDA is the first interactive digital archive of policy data pertaining to culture and the arts in the United States. A collaboration of Princeton’s Firestone Library and the Princeton Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies, the archive’s original development was unwritten by the Pew Charitable Trusts. Its mission is to provide user-friendly data access to journalists, scholars, artists, and the public at large.

Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC)

The Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC) is a national not-for-profit organization founded in 1994 by Harvard Business School professor Michael E. Porter to encourage inner-city revitalization. In particular, ICIC performs research that promotes a combination of public and private investment to rebuild inner city economies. ICIC has conducted a number of studies that stress the central role of anchor institutions in this effort.

Institute for Community Development and the Arts

The Institute for Community Development and the Arts, established by Americans for the Arts, provides a research in order to understand how the arts are used to address social, educational, and economic development issues in communities across the country. Areas of research and publication have included at-risk youth, artist training, economic development, arts and civic dialogue, public housing, cultural tourism, and program planning and evaluation.

Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness, Harvard University

Based at the Harvard Business School and led by Professor Michael Porter, the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness examines issues related to the connection of business competition with economic development and social issues, examining the roles played business, government, anchor institutions such as universities, economic development organizations, and foundations.

National Center for Charitable Statistics

The National Center for Charitable Statistics collects national data from the private, public, and educational communities on the nonprofit sector.  Using this data, the Center is able to build inclusive national, state, and regional databases to develop across the board standards for reporting on the projects of charitable organizations. 

Penn Institute for Urban Research

The Penn Institute for Urban Research is dedicated to fostering increased understanding of cities. As a campus-wide institute, Penn IUR sponsors a number of initiatives, provides opportunities for collaborative instruction, engages with the world of practitioners and policymakers, and stimulates research on anchor institution-based and other strategies for addressing urban issues.

Sustainable Endowments Institute

The Sustainable Endowments Institute is a special project fund of Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors and is based in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 2005, the Institute is engaged in research and education on how higher education institutions can more effectively leverage their endowments by playing a more active role in the governance of the companies in which they invest.

Transit-Oriented Development

California Department of Transportation, California Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Database

This site, maintained by the California Department of Transportation (better known as "Caltrans"), contains links to reports with detailed information on transit-oriented development in ten U.S. cities outside California as well as more than 20 transit-oriented developments (TODs) in California. The reports include land uses, site maps, implementation processes, financing, facilities, zoning, design features, pedestrian access, transit services, photos, travel benefits, contact information, and other valuable data.

Connecting the West Corridor Communities

The Center for Transit-Oriented Development working with the City and County of Denver, the City of Lakewood, the Denver Housing Authority, and Metro West Housing Solutions has produced this 2011 report on the strategy for transit-oriented development along the Denver Region's West Corridor.

Federal Transit Administration

The Federal Transit Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation administers federal funding to support a variety of locally planned, constructed, and operated public transportation systems throughout the U.S., including buses, subways, light rail, commuter rail, streetcars, monorail, passenger ferry boats, inclined railways, and people movers. The agency also publishes a number of studies on these topics, which are available on its website.

Mineta Transportation Institute

Founded in 1991 and housed at San Jose State University in California's Silicon Valley, the Mineta Transportation Institute engages in a wide range of research on transportation issues, with a wealth of publications available on line.

New Partners for Smart Growth

The New Partners for Smart Growth Conference, organized by the Local Government Commission of Sacramento, California, has grown rapidly since it began in 2001. The 2006 conference brought together nearly 1,250 participants and over 250 speakers. Presentations from past conference speakers are available for free download from the site.

Rail-volution

Since 1995, Rail-volution has been a leading conference that has brought together innovative minds from a variety of disciplines, including elected officials, advocates, developers, urban planners, transportation experts, financiers, citizen groups, architects and others, to discuss public transit-related issues. Presentations from the previous year's conference are available on line.

Smart Growth Network

Smart Growth Online is a web-based catalogue of Smart Growth related news, events, and information, including a broad range of resources on transit and transit-oriented development. Developed and funded through a cooperative agreement between the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Sustainable Communities Network, the website is designed to advance understanding of how smart growth can improve community livability.

Transit Cooperative Research Program

This website, hosted by the American Public Transit Association, makes available over a hundred publications regarding public transit, including a 2004 national study on transit-oriented development.

 

Twin Cities TOD Toolkit

An initiative of Reconnecting America, this project focuses on Minneapolis-St. Paul, but has applicability to projects elsewhere. Identifying lessons learned from the Hiawatha Corridor, the first light rail line to be built in the Twin Cities region, as well as lessons from other transit projects around the country, the Twin Cities TOD Toolkit provides technical assistance and information for people interested in the ways in which transit-oriented development can help reshape growth.

Voorhees Transportation Center

Established in 1998 and housed in the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University in New Jersey, the Center conducts research on transportation policy issues, with a number of publications on transit-oriented development.

State & Local Investments

Alliance for Regional Stewardship

Formed in 2000, the Alliance for Regional Stewardship aims to foster collaborative multi-sector regional stewardship in America's metropolitan regions. Their web site includes presentations and papers from past conferences, as well as specific links and resources tied to four topics: new economy (e.g., high-tech industry), sustainability, collaborative governance models, and social inclusion.

Appalachian Regional Commission, “Research Reports”

The on-line research library of the federal government's Appalachian Regional Commission provides a wide variety of studies on regional economic strategies including reports that look at telecommunications, business development, and general infrastructure issues.

Center for Venture Research, (Whittemore School, University of New Hampshire, Durham)

Founded in 1984, the Center for Venture Research has undertaken and published numerous studies in the area of early-stage equity financing of entrepreneurial ventures, including its annual survey of angel investors. Abstracts of the survey and the Center's publications are available on line.

Citistates

Founded in 1995, the Citistates Group is a network of journalists, speakers and civic leaders focused on building competitive, equitable and sustainable 21st century metropolitan regions. Its web site includes reports on regionalism, newspaper commentary articles, essays, and reviews of major books relating to topics of regionalism and local community development.

Economic Development Research Group

The EDR Group is a consulting firm that works on economic development strategies, with a specialty in doing economic impact analysis. Its on-line library provides a large collection of downloadable articles on economic development impact analysis.

Employee Benefit Research Institute

Established in 1978, the Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization committed exclusively to data dissemination, policy research, and education on economic security and employee benefits. Their web site contains a wealth of information and studies, including fact sheets, newsletters, and records of past congressional testimony on pension issues.

Governing Magazine Online

Governing is a monthly magazine whose primary audience is state and local government officials: governors, legislators, mayors, city managers, council members and other elected, appointed and career officials. It has a total circulation of 85,000 and provides some of the most in-depth analysis available of state and local policy innovation.

Heartland Capital Strategies

Heartland Capital Strategies works to implement jobs, creating economic development investment strategies that utilize the capital held by labor in pension funds and other institutions in order to create high road workplaces and build sustainable regional economies.

Local Government Commission (Sacramento, CA)

The Local Government Commission (LGC) is a nonprofit membership organization that provides inspiration, technical assistance, and networking to local elected officials and other dedicated community leaders who are working to create healthy, walkable, and resource-efficient communities. Two primary areas of concentration are smart growth and resource conservation (including the promotion of renewable energy sources). On both issues, the web site has a large number of freely available reports, articles, and case studies.

Metropolitan Policy Program, The Brookings Institution

The Metropolitan Policy Program (formerly the Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy) of The Brookings Institution was launched in 1996 to provide research and policy analysis on the shifting realities of cities and metropolitan areas. Their website includes city-by-city analysis of the 2000 U.S. census results, as well as a number of downloadable newspaper articles, presentations, and studies by Institute fellows.

National Governors' Association, “Center for Best Practices”

The Center for Best Practices seeks to identify and promote innovation in state government by surveying states on key issues and cataloguing innovative programs (it also does consulting for individual states on specific issues). On its web site, it has a weekly newsletter, Front and Center and makes available many of its reports for public dissemination.

Pension Research Council, Wharton School of Business

The Pension Research Council sponsors interdisciplinary research on the entire range of private pension and social security programs, as well as related benefit plans in the United States and around the world. Their web site includes working papers and conference presentations on a wide variety of pension-related topics.

Working for America Institute (AFL-CIO)

This web site provides a number of reports on labor strategies to promote “high road partnerships” that pursue economic development strategies that focus on the creation and maintenance of good paying jobs.

State Asset Building Initiatives

Annie E. Casey Foundation: Family Economic Success initiative

Annie E. Casey's Family Economic Success initiative helps low-income working families build their financial futures in strong neighborhoods by integrating three key components: job and skills training, family asset building, and community wealth building. The website includes a wide range of publications on these issues.

Asset Coalition Toolkit for States

Asset Coalition Toolkit for the States (ACTS) is an independent, information-sharing website where state coalitions can exchange knowledge and strategies in the asset-building field. Sponsored by the Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law’s Community Investment Unit with support from the Levi Strauss Foundation and the Friedman Family Foundation, ACTS provides a forum that fosters innovation through a wealth of resources.

Asset Funders Network

AFN, founded in 2005, helps foundations identify how to direct resources so that asset policy and products are accessible to people with limited resources or otherwise unable to build sufficient financial reserves to withstand emergencies and plan for their future. The website contains conference presentations and other materials on community wealth building.

Center for Financial Services Innovation

An affiliate of the nonprofit CDFI ShoreBank, the Center for Financial Services Innovation (CFSI) is a national expert on financial services for the unbanked and under-banked. Its goals include improving the quality of existing services and better tailoring financial services to meet the needs and desires of the under-banked community. The ultimate goal is to facilitate savings and asset-building through financial services. Founded in 2004, CFSI focuses on 6 main areas in order to assist service providers, expand the literature, and influence public policy: Research & Strategy, Investment, Networking, Roundtables, Communication, and Public Policy.

CFED Assets and Opportunity Scorecard

The Assets and Opportunity Scorecard measures how easy or difficult state policy makes it for families across the United States to achieve self-sufficiency. The scorecard focuses on two areas: first, a family's ability to build assets that can be used to invest for the future, send children to college, and weather unexpected financial storms; and second, safety nets and safeguards that provide financial security in the event of a job loss, medical emergency, or other family emergency.

Finance Project/Information Resource Center

Founded in 1994, the Finance Project provides research, consulting, technical assistance, and training to assist in the development of policies, programs, and financing strategies for community development efforts. Its website contains links to publications on a wide range of community wealth building initiatives.

New State & Local Policies

The American Legislative and Issue Campaign Exchange (ALICE)

An outgrowth of the University of Wisconsin, Madison’s “high-road” economic policy think-tank, the Center On Wisconsin Strategy (COWS), The American Legislative and Issue Campaign Exchange (ALICE) presents itself as an alternative to the corporate-backed ALEC and promotes economic fairness, environmental sustainability, and effective democratic government. Their website acts as a one-stop public library of model progressive state and local law on a wide range of issues that can be searched by policy area, topic, level of government, and year.

Be a Localist

Founded in 2001, the Business Alliance for Local Living Economies (BALLE) supports the growth of sustainable local economies through connecting leaders, spreading solutions that work, and driving investment toward local economies. BALLE promotes localism and believes that ownership, place, opportunity, nature and relationships all matter in creating real prosperity for all. BALLE's website connects members to local business networks and affinity groups, promotes success stories, and provides resources to help local businesses better articulate their economic impact.

Building Regional Power Research Project

Local labor movements in a small but growing number of cities have embarked upon a long-term strategy to gain greater power in their regions. With revitalized central labor councils at the core, unions and allied groups are electing progressive champions, shifting the political debates to economic justice issues, and supporting the right of workers to organize. The Building Regional Power Research Project was established at Wayne State University to document and promote this work and contains a number of studies on efforts in different cities.

Center on Budget & Policy Priorities

The Center conducts research and analysis to inform public debate over proposed budget and tax policies and to help ensure that the needs of low-income families and individuals are considered in these debates. Through its State Fiscal Analysis Initiative, the Center now provides policy research and support in 30 states and the District of Columbia.

Center for Study of Responsive Law

A nonprofit founded by Ralph Nader in 1968, the Center's primary focus is to empower citizens, especially students, to foster reform in areas such as environmental, consumer and worker health and safety issues.  The center has published numerous books, which are listed on the website, conducted a variety of projects and research, and frequently hosts conferences.  Nader and his organization encourage Americans to emphasize government and corporate accountability. 

Complementary Currency Resource Center

The CC Resource Center is an international multi-lingual resource for those interested in local, community, complementary, electronic, commercial barter, and alternative currency systems. The site contains a worldwide registry of CC systems, and open libraries with over 450 documents and 300 images.

Good Jobs First (Washington, D.C.)

Good Jobs First is a national advocacy organization that tracks corporate accountability legislation, including job quality standards (i.e., requirements that economic development subsidies lead to higher paying jobs), disclosure rules (i.e., requirements that the amount of the subsidies that each company receives be displayed in a form that is accessible to the public), and monitoring (i.e., requirements that part of the subsidy money be returned to the government if job employment and job quality commitments are not met). The website includes model legislation, as well as links to descriptions of state disclosure legislation.

Grassroots.org

Grassroots.org serves as an information clearinghouse with links to hundreds of groups involved in education, environmentalism, humanitarian relief, health promotion, reducing homelessness, crime control, political freedom, government reform, consumer protection, youth development, and other like-minded issues.

Hometown Advantage

This website, hosted by the Institute for Local Self Reliance, focuses on efforts to preserve independently owned retail establishments and resist the proliferation of big-box retailers. The site features articles on local disputes, as well as a number of economic impact studies that document the greater local economic multiplier effect of locally owned retail establishments.

Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy

The Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP) is the research arm of Citizens for Tax Justice. ITEP provides policymakers, advocates, and the public with timely information regarding state and federal tax regulations and how they affect taxpayers at different income levels.

Levy Institute

The Levy Institute of Bard College serves as one of the leading academic research centers on issues of wealth and income distribution, as well as a wide range of other economic issues.

Living Economies Forum

This is the new web home of David Korten and his work on the New Economy and the Great Turning. This site offers a forum for learning and engaging in the transition to a global system of local-rooted, self-organizing, real-wealth living economies that mimic the structure and dynamics of the Earth’s biosphere.

Michigan Land Use Institute

The Michigan Land Use Institute promotes local economic self-reliance that is consistent with conserving open land and protecting clean air and clean water. The website includes a wide variety of publications on smart growth, economic development, and related issues, both in Michigan and nationally.

National Clearinghouse on the Direct Care Workforce

The National Clearinghouse on the Direct Care Workforce is a project of the Paraprofessional Healthcare Institute (PHI), a nonprofit organization based in the South Bronx, New York. PHI's work is guided by the belief that creating quality jobs with living wages for direct-care workers is essential to providing high-quality, cost-effective services to long-term care consumers. The website tracks best practices in the industry and policy innovations at the state level.

Office of Tax Policy Research

The Office of Tax Policy Research at the University of Michigan Business School has two missions. First, to encourage and facilitate joint research on the tax system by economists and scholars of other disciplines; second, to serve as a liaison on tax issues among the academic, business, and policymaking tax communities. The Office draws on the substantial data resources and expertise already existing at the University of Michigan in these fields, and also involves scholars from outside the university.

Progressive Cities & Neighborhood Planning

Focused on progressive cities and neighborhood planning, this online resource provides insight into initiatives mainly from the 1970s into the 1990s, and some up to the present, that sought to fight back against regressive 1960s urban policies. This project is an effort to preserve and collect the historical record of these initiatives, to encourage additional scholarly research, and to stimulate and support related collections at the sites where the material is generated. Additionally, blog posts are added periodically and expand upon the gathered materials.

Time Banks USA Member Directory

This member directory, provided by TimeBanks USA, lists both member and non-member time banks across the U.S. along with contact information in one convenient location. A time bank is an institution where community members can “deposit” hours they spent working in the community in order to earn time when someone else works for them. This give-and-take approach to building communities breeds mutual value and respect that goes beyond the exchange of money.

 

Walmart Subsidy Watch

This website, organized by Good Jobs First, tracks the more than $1.2 billion Wal-Mart has received in tax breaks, free land, infrastructure assistance, low-cost financing and outright grants from state and local governments around the country. An interactive map allows the website user to determine how much subsidy his or her state has provided.

Municipal Enterprise

Baller Herbst Law Group

The Baller-Herbst Law Group has specialized in representing municipal utilities in litigation regarding broadband development. Their web site contains a number of presentations and articles regarding municipal broadband and related legal issues.

Center for State and Local Government Excellence

The Center for State and Local Government Excellence assists municipal governments become better employers, allowing them to attract and retain better individuals in public service jobs. Connecting state and local leaders with respected researchers, the Center works to identify and promote best practices for a variety of issues, including how to address the expanding costs of public employee pensions and retiree health care benefits.

Economic Development Directory

Economic development corporations play a critical role in developing many city, county, and regional economic development efforts — everything from traditional business incentives to more innovative efforts based on developing local capacity. This web site contains a directory of websites of over 2000 economic development agencies, consultants and associations worldwide.

Good Jobs First (Washington, D.C.)

Good Jobs First is a national advocacy organization that tracks corporate accountability legislation, including job quality standards (i.e., requirements that economic development subsidies lead to higher paying jobs), disclosure rules (i.e., requirements that the amount of the subsidies that each company receives be displayed in a form that is accessible to the public), and monitoring (i.e., requirements that part of the subsidy money be returned to the government if job employment and job quality commitments are not met). The website includes model legislation, as well as links to descriptions of state disclosure legislation.

In the Public Interest

In the Public Interest provides educational resources on privatization and its impacts on service quality, infrastructure maintenance and costs, and works to ensure that public contracts with private entities are transparent, fair, well-managed and effectively monitored, and that they meet the long-term needs of the community. As a resource center for citizens, public officials, and public interest groups, In the Public Interest is focused on guaranteeing that public goods and services are provided to those who need them, managed by people who are publicly accountable, and affordable to all.

Institute for Local Self Reliance-- Independent Business Initiative

This web site, hosted by the Institute for Local Self Reliance, focuses on the efforts to preserve independently owned retail establishments and resist the proliferation of “big box” retailers. On this site, you will find both articles on local disputes, as well as a number of economic impact studies that document the greater local economic multiplier effect of locally owned retail establishments.

Lincoln Institute of Land Policy

The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy is a nonprofit educational organization that provides research, analysis, and education in the areas of land taxation, land markets, and land as common property.

MuniNet Guide

MuniNet Guide is an online guide and directory to municipal-related content on the Internet. Its emphasis on municipal bonds, state and local government, and public finance serves people in a number of fields, including government administration, municipal investment, municipal research, and urban affairs.

National Council for Public-Private Partnerships, “Case Studies”

This web site provides examples of nearly 50 different instances of public-private partnerships in such areas as wastewater management, transportation, and real estate and economic development.

Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, Fiscal Studies Program

This website provides a comprehensive data source for state government policies and budgetary information. The main Rockefeller website has additional available publications on state and local government and community economic development issues.

Partners for Livable Communities

Founded in 1977, Partners for Livable Communities is a non-profit leadership organization working to improve the livability of communities by promoting quality of life, economic development, and social equity. In particular, the group encourages strategies that employ cultural industries as a strategy for local economic development. The web site includes many examples of best practices, newsletters, and links to other articles and resources.

Public Strategies Group

This website, home to the Public Strategies Group consulting practice, also contains resources on how to “reinvent” government, with a focus on the state and local level. One of their staff members is David Osborne, coauthor of Reinventing Government in 1992 and, more recently, author of The Price of Government, which focuses on need-based budgeting, in 2004.

Taubman Center for State and Local Government (Harvard)

The Taubman Center studies state and local governance and intergovernmental relations. The Center focuses on several areas, most notably: public management, innovation, finance, and labor-management relations; urban development, transportation, land use, and environmental protection; education; civic engagement and social capital; and the impacts of information technologies on both government and governance.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Landfill Methane Outreach Program

This web site provides documents and resources regarding the EPA's Landfill Methane Outreach Program, which supports local efforts to generate electricity from methane, a practice that can generate revenue for localities while supporting environmental and economic development objectives.

Urban Land Institute

Founded in 1936, ULI is a research and education institute, with more than 22,000 members worldwide, representing the entire spectrum of land use and real estate development disciplines. The website provides links and articles regarding a number of issues, including smart growth, transit-oriented development, and real estate.

Urban Agriculture

Healthy Food Access Portal

HealthyFoodAccess.com is an information clearinghouse draws awareness to inequitable access to healthy foods in communities across the country and provides tools to launch and expand healthy food access retail projects in low-income communities. It offers resources on policy efforts, news, and strategy to help improve access for consumers and communities. The Healthy Food Access website is a collaborative effort of PolicyLink, The Food Trust, and The Reinvestment Fund, and was launched with funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (U.S. Dept. of Agriculture)

An initiative of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Alternative Farming Information Systems Information Center includes a range of resources focused on sustainable food systems and practices.  Many resources are also focused on urban agriculture.

 

City Farmer News

City Farmer News is City Farmer's - a Vancouver-based nonprofit that runs the city's compost and waterwise demonstration garden, the city's natural yard care promotion and the regional compost hotline - new website.  Started in 2008, City Farmer News is a continuation of Urban Agriculture Notes, providing a comprehensive online resource for the urban agricultural community.

King County Extension: Gardening (Washington State University)

The King County's Extension gardening resource page provides research-based information on sustainable gardening practices. Fact sheets include information on soil testing, compositing, raised beds and other insights that could assist community gardens.

National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service

The National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service lists news, events and funding opportunities and provides comprehensive publications and reports regarding sustainable agriculture and organic farming.  The site contains a section specifically dedicated to urban and community agriculture, providing resource links and downloadable reports.

RUAF Foundation (Resource Centres on Urban Agriculture and Food Security)

The RUAF Foundation is an international network of seven regional centers and one global resource center on Urban Agriculture and Food Security.  Focusing more heavily on urban agriculture in developing countries, the foundation publishes the Urban Agriculture Magazine and other papers, books and policy briefs about urban agriculture developments. 

SPIN Farming

Standing for S-mall P-lot IN-tensive, SPIN farming is advertised as a non-technical, easy-to-learn and inexpensive-to-implement vegetable farming system that allows an individual to grow more than $50,000 worth of produce per half acre. The system was created by Wally Satzewich and Gail Vandersteen, who themselves manage Wallys Urban Market Garden, a multi-locational sub-acre urban farm in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

The Lunch Box

The Lunch Box is an online toolkit with Healthy Tools For All Schools, designed to transform school food into healthy and delicious food for all children. The site offers recipes and other best practices from school districts across the country.

Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program

UC Davis

UC Davis’ Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SAREP)’s website includes a wealth of materials focused on local food systems including a downloadable bibliography of over 2,000 articles and the results of several food system assessments, which examine the connections between and impact of food production, distribution, consumption and waste disposal.

Urban Agriculture Notes

Maintained by City Farmer, a Vancouver-based nonprofit that runs the city's compost and waterwise demonstration garden, the city's natural yard care promotion and the regional compost hotline, Urban Agriculture Notes is an online resource of 14 years (1994-2008) of urban agriculture information.  In 2008, City Farmer created a new website to feature new postings and links.

Impact Investment

Glass Pockets

The Foundation Center

Glass Pockets is an online resource from The Foundation Center that promotes transparency in philanthropic foundations. The site gives the public access to the published finnancial records of major foundations, providing profiles of major organizations and links to their transparency profiles.

Program-Related Investment Rules for Private Foundations

This free course, which covers the basic legal rules for program-related investments, takes about forty-five minutes to complete. The course is part of Learn Foundation Law,  a free resource devloped by legal staff at the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation that provides training on legal issues in grantmaking for private foundations.

AccountabilityCentral.com

Launched in 2006, Accountability Central aims to serve as a clearinghouse for news, intelligence, insight, perspective, opinion, and advice on issues concerning corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, shareholder activism, and socially responsible investing and related issues.

BWB Solutions

BWB Solutions is a consulting firm that helps foundations and corporations make social investments and program-related investments in the form of loans, equity investments and recoverable grants to nonprofits or businesses committed to social change. The website contains a number of publications on these themes.

Business Ethics

Founded in 1987, Business Ethics magazine is the only U.S.-based business magazine focused on ethics and corporate social responsibility. Published exclusively online since 2006, it is read by leaders in business, investing, academia, government and civil society organizations interested in corporate social responsibility issues.

Calvert Foundation: Community Investment Profiles

Investing in a professionally managed portfolio of loans to more than 240 nonprofits and social enterprises working in over 100 countries to alleviate poverty, the Calvert Foundation provides a searchable database of these different organizations. These investments are clustered in four principle impact sectors: housing, microlending, small business, and community development. The site also provides a tool for individuals to calculate the impact their investment will have based on the amount, duration, and sector of the investment.

Center for Responsible Business

Founded in 2003 and housed at the Haas Business School at the University of California, Berkeley, the Center for Responsible Business strives to be a leader in corporate social responsibility research, both in the academic and practitioner arenas. This site contains a series of working papers on stakeholder engagement, with a focus on developing quantitative measures.

Ethical Markets

Ethical Markets is an independent media company that strives to promote a global economy that is sustainable and just.  Providing a perspective on the Green Transition, Reforming Global Finance, SRI and more, Ethical Markets provides a useful research resource for information relating to this global shift.

FSG Social Impact Advisors

Founded in 1999 by Michael Porter to be a for-profit consulting firm, FSG Social Impact Advisors became a nonprofit organization in 2006. The group aims to change the practice of philanthropy and corporate social responsibility both through client-based consulting work as well as through field-spanning conferences and reports, a number of which are available for free download from its website.

Future of Philanthropy

This website contains a number of reports on trends in the field, including different means of leveraging more effectively, such as through the use of social investment tools like PRIs.

Green Money Journal

Founded in 1993, this journal covers a broad range of issues in the socially responsible investing and corporate social responsibility world. Back issues of magazine articles since 1999 are available on line.

Hazel Henderson

Based in St. Augustine, Florida, Dr. Hazel Henderson is a syndicated columnist, producer of the television series, Ethical Marketplace (broadcast on PBS, see: www.ethicalmarkets.com), and a consultant on sustainable development. The website includes a wide range of her writings on socially responsible investment and related issues.

National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy

Since 1976, NCRP has advocated for the philanthropic community to work toward social and economic justice for disadvantaged and disenfranchised populations and communities. The website contains a number of publications on these issues.

Neighborhood Funders Group

The Neighborhood Funders Group is a national network of foundations and philanthropic groups that support community-based efforts that improve economic and social conditions in low-income communities. NFG maintains a number of working groups, including the PRI Makers Network.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

This chapter on program-related investments, from a much longer anthology, provides a thoughtful overview of the nature of PRIs and how the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in particular has used them to finance the construction of community health facilities.

Social Funds.com

SocialFunds.com features over 10,000 pages of information on SRI mutual funds, community investments, corporate research, shareowner actions, and daily social investment news.

Social Funds.com

SocialFunds.com features over 10,000 pages of information on SRI mutual funds, community investments, corporate research, shareowner actions, and daily social investment news.

Studies of Socially Responsible investing

Assembled by Lloyd Kurtz, a professional portfolio advisor and a Research Fellow at the Center for Responsible Business at the Haas School of Business of the University of California, Berkeley, this site contains links to a group of studies that compare the financial performance of socially screened funds against comparable conventional investment funds.

Social Enterprise

Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action

Founded in 1971 as the Association of Voluntary Action Scholars, the Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action (ARNOVA) is committed to strengthening the research community in the emerging field of nonprofit and philanthropic studies. ARNOVA publishes the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. Abstracts of published articles are available on line.

Blended Value Map

Blended Value.Org is a web site that contains a research report that looks at a variety of different enterprises, including social enterprises that seek to “blend,” in one form or another, social, financial and sometimes also environmental benefits in their work.

BTW Consultants, Inc.

Founded in 1998, BTW is a consulting firm that has done program evaluations of a number of social enterprises around the country, with a focus on developing effective measures for “double bottom line” ventures of social returns. A number of reports regarding social enterprises the firm has evaluated are available for free download on its website.

CASE Studies Database—Scaling Social Impact

With this website, CASE aims to help catalogue, coordinate, and contribute to the body of knowledge around scaling social impact, with a special focus on the social entrepreneurs and social enterprise funding communities. The site includes a case study database that lists over 160 studies and is designed to help social entrepreneurs, practitioners, researchers, educators, and students find and access case studies about scaling social impact.

Center for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship (CASE, Duke)

Founded in 2002, and led by Greg Dees, a pioneer in the field, CASE is one of a select number of university programs dedicated to conducting teaching, education, and research about social enterprise.

Changemakers.net

Changemakers.net publishes an electronic journal highlighting social enterprise practices. Previous issues are available on line going back to 1998. Articles are also organized by topic.

Origo Fourth Sector News

Origo Fourth Sector News is a new clipping service that documents the latest thinking and events relating to social enterprise.

REDF (Roberts Enterprise Development Fund)

The Roberts Enterprise Development Fund provides technical assistance and philanthropic investments to help nonprofit organizations in the San Francisco area attain marketplace sustainability in their enterprise ventures. REDF also works with organizations across the U.S. that use nonprofit enterprise strategies.

Research Initiative on Social Enterpreneurship (Columbia)

RISE is a research project at Columbia University that has issued a number of reports, available on its web site, concerning impact measurement and the “double bottom line” of social and economic returns sought by practitioners in the social enterprise sector. The web site also maintains a directory of social venture funders that make equity investments in social ventures.

Root Cause

Root Cause addresses social problems through strategy consulting, knowledge sharing, social impact research, and the building of sustainable social enterprises. The website contains a wide range of articles regarding social enterprise and related public policy, as well as samples of the group's consulting work with social enterprises.

Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship

Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship identifies social entrepreneurs and engages them in shaping global, regional and industry agendas that improve the state of the world in close collaboration with the other stakeholders of the World Economic Forum. To date, over 190 social entrepreneuers form a part of the Schwab Foundation community.

Stanford Social Innovation Review

Founded in 2003, Stanford's Social Innovation Review provides a host of articles regarding developments in social enterprise and the non-profit world.

The Chronicle of Philanthropy

The Chronicle of Philanthropy is a leading journal in the non-profit world, tracking both developments in social enterprise as well as broader issues affecting non-profits in the United States today.

Reclaiming the Commons

Alternative Law Forum

The Alternative Law Forum was started in March 2000 by a collective of lawyers with the belief that there was a need for an alternative practice of law. Their website contains a wide range of publications on issues regarding the digital commons and intellectual property issues.

Berkman Center for Internet & Society (Harvard University)

The Berkman Center engages in the study of a wide range of Net issues, including governance, privacy, intellectual property, antitrust, content control and electronic commerce. The Center understands the Internet as a social and political space where constraints upon inhabitants are determined not only just through the law, but, more subtly, through technical architecture ("code"). The website contains a considerable number of publications on these topics.

Community Solutions

The Community Solutions program, started in 2003, is a national resource for knowledge and practices on low-energy living and self-reliant communities. Community Solutions' website contains a number of reports on these topics, with a focus on small community-scale housing, transportation, and food production policies and practices.

Conference on the Public Domain (Duke Law School)

This website contains a collection of papers from a November 2001 conference, which center on the study of the concept of the “public domain”—its importance, its history, its role in science, art, and in the building of the Internet, as well as how it is similar to and different from the idea of a commons. Topics covered include the human genome, appropriationist art (such as hip-hop), the production of scientific data, and the architecture of communications networks.

David Bollier

A Senior Fellow at the Norman Lear Center at the USC Annenberg School for Communication, co-founder and board member of Public Knowledge, a Washington policy advocacy organization dedicated to protecting the information commons, and author of three books on the commons, David Bollier further explores issues regarding the commons on his new website. A research resource, Bollier's site provides podcasts, reports, organization links and other news regarding the commons.

Digital Library of the Commons

The Digital Library of the Commons is a gateway to the international literature on the commons. This site contains an author-submission portal; an archive of full-text articles, papers, and dissertations; the Comprehensive Bibliography of the Commons; a Keyword Thesaurus; and links to relevant reference sources on the study of the commons.

Free Expression Policy Project (Brennan School, New York University)

The Free Expression Policy Project (FEPP), founded in 2000, provides research and advocacy on free speech, copyright, and media democracy issues. The website contains a wide range of reports on the information commons and related issues, as well as policy reports, press releases, fact sheets, and legal briefs.

International Association for the Study of the Commons

The International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC), founded in 1989, is a nonprofit association devoted to understanding and improving institutions for the management of environmental resources that are (or could be) held or used collectively by communities in developing or developed countries.

Jay Walljasper

A speaker, writer and editor, Jay Walljasper covers a wide variety of topics on his website, with particular specialties in community and urban issues, travel, sustainability, cultural commentary, and the commons.

Natural Assets Project, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

The Natural Assets Project examines the scope for reducing poverty through asset building in the form of natural capital. Natural assets include both environmental sources and sinks. "Sources" include raw materials, renewable and non-renewable, such as forests, fisheries, soil, and minerals. "Sinks" are the capacities of media such as air and water to absorb and decompose the wastes from production and consumption. The institute aims to design pro-poor natural asset- building strategies to further its goals of both conversation and environmental justice or equity.

Public Trust Doctrine on Natural and Cultural Resources Page

The Public Trust Doctrine Page, maintained by the Albany, New York-based law firm of P.M.Bray LLC, provides a range of information about public trust law, with a focus on public policy, research and application in natural and cultural resources planning and management.

Robyn Van En Center (Wilson College-Chambersville, PA)

The Robyn Van En Center provides a national resource center about Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) for people across the nation and around the world. The Robyn Van En Center also offers outreach and works to gain publicity about CSA farms in order to benefit community farmers and consumers everywhere.

SPARC Open Access Newsletter

The SPARC Open Access Newsletter is a monthly newsletter by Peter Suber, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Earlham University, offering news and analysis of the open-access movement —the worldwide movement to disseminate scientific and scholarly research literature online, free of charge and free of unnecessary licensing restrictions. The SPARC newsleter was launched in July 2003 to continue Peter's Free Online Scholarship (FOS) Newsletter (March 2001 - September 2002). Back issues, as well as Peter Suber's blog, are available on this website.

Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society

Founded by law professor Lawrence Lessig (author of Free Culture), The Center for Internet and Society (CIS) is a public interest technology law and policy program that brings together scholars, academics, legislators, students, programmers, security researchers, and scientists to study the interaction of new technologies and the law and to examine how the synergy between the two can either promote or harm public goods like free speech, privacy, public commons, diversity, and scientific inquiry.

Team Works (Los Altos, CA)

Founded in 2004, TeamWorks is a worker-owned cooperative business. Every permanent worker in the company is an owner-member with a financial stake in the business' success and its decision-making. TeamWorks consists of two businesses, one of which provides house cleaning and concierge services on the San Francisco peninsula while the other provides business support services and is involved in starting new TeamWorks sites.

Who Owns Native Culture?

This website, designed as a supplement to the book of the same name (published by Harvard Press, 2003), also provides a wide range of resources for understanding current debates about the legal status of indigenous art, music, folklore, biological knowledge, and sacred places, as well as the ways those issues intersect with current debates regarding the commons, the public domain and intellectual property.

Yes! Magazine—Reclaiming the Commons issue (summer 2001)

This issue explores the commons from a variety of perspectives. As one of the articles' authors, Jonathan Rowe, notes, “It is the vast realm that is the shared heritage of all of us that we typically use without toll or price. The atmosphere and oceans, languages and cultures, the stores of human knowledge and wisdom, the informal support systems of community, the peace and quiet that we crave, the genetic building blocks of life — these are all aspects of the commons.”

Program Related Investments

Glass Pockets

The Foundation Center

Glass Pockets is an online resource from The Foundation Center that promotes transparency in philanthropic foundations. The site gives the public access to the published finnancial records of major foundations, providing profiles of major organizations and links to their transparency profiles.

Program-Related Investment Rules for Private Foundations

This free course, which covers the basic legal rules for program-related investments, takes about forty-five minutes to complete. The course is part of Learn Foundation Law,  a free resource devloped by legal staff at the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation that provides training on legal issues in grantmaking for private foundations.

BWB Solutions

BWB Solutions is a consulting firm that helps foundations and corporations make social investments and program-related investments in the form of loans, equity investments and recoverable grants to nonprofits or businesses committed to social change. The website contains a number of publications on these themes.

Future of Philanthropy

This website contains a number of reports on trends in the field, including different means of leveraging more effectively, such as through the use of social investment tools like PRIs.

National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy

Since 1976, NCRP has advocated for the philanthropic community to work toward social and economic justice for disadvantaged and disenfranchised populations and communities. The website contains a number of publications on these issues.

Neighborhood Funders Group

The Neighborhood Funders Group is a national network of foundations and philanthropic groups that support community-based efforts that improve economic and social conditions in low-income communities. NFG maintains a number of working groups, including the PRI Makers Network.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

This chapter on program-related investments, from a much longer anthology, provides a thoughtful overview of the nature of PRIs and how the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in particular has used them to finance the construction of community health facilities.

Social Funds.com

SocialFunds.com features over 10,000 pages of information on SRI mutual funds, community investments, corporate research, shareowner actions, and daily social investment news.

Outside the U.S.

Measuring the Co-operative Difference Research Network

Funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Co-operative Difference Research Network conducts research on the social, economic and environmental impact of co-operatives on Canadians and their communities. The Research Network's various projects and publications are available for public access on their website, where users can browse the available resources to learn more about the value of co-operatives and to better understand the linkages between them.

Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action

Founded in 1971 as the Association of Voluntary Action Scholars, the Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action (ARNOVA) is committed to strengthening the research community in the emerging field of nonprofit and philanthropic studies. ARNOVA publishes the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. Abstracts of published articles are available on line.

Coady International institute

Established by St. Francis Xavier University in 1959, the Coady International Institute is world-renowned as a center of excellence in community-based development. The Institute was named in honor of Rev. Dr. Moses Coady, a prominent founder of the Antigonish Movement—a people's movement for economic and social justice that began in Nova Scotia, Canada, during the 1920s.

Complementary Currency Resource Center

The CC Resource Center is an international multi-lingual resource for those interested in local, community, complementary, electronic, commercial barter, and alternative currency systems. The site contains a worldwide registry of CC systems, and open libraries with over 450 documents and 300 images.

Enterprise Web, “Microfinance and Microcredit”

ENTERWeb is an annotated meta-index and information clearinghouse on enterprise development, business, finance, international trade and the economy. The main focus is on micro, small and medium scale enterprises, cooperatives, and community economic development, both in developed and developing countries. ENTERWeb lists and rates Internet resources in these areas, and complements search engines by providing shortcuts in identifying important sources of information.

Global Development Research Center

GDRC aims to consolidate disparate issues, themes and topics into one umbrella to highlight their interconnectedness and interdisciplinary nature. It started as a 'homepage' focusing on just one issue - Informal Credit Markets (ICM) - in April 1995. Since then many more sections have been added, and the Informal Credit Markets section itself has been greatly expanded, including many country links and case studies.

Institute of Development Studies

The Institute of Development Studies, based at the University of Sussex in Brighton, England, conducts research, teaching and communications on international development. Founded in 1966, in addition to its considerable alumni base, the Institute is home to approximately 100 researchers, 70 knowledge services staff, 65 support staff and about 200 students at any one time.

International Co-operative Information Centre

This site contains links to reports, documents, and studies of international cooperative organizations and case studies of cooperatives and cooperative sectors in many individual countries.

International Society for Third Sector Research

Founded in 1992, the International Society for Third-Sector Research (ISTR) promotes research and education in the fields of civil society, philanthropy, and the nonprofit sector. The organization publishes a number of working papers that are available on this web site, as are abstracts of articles published in the organization's official journal, Voluntas.

Microfinance Gateway

Managed by the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP), the Microfinance Gateway is a public forum for the microfinance industry at large that includes resource centers on specific topics in microfinance, a searchable library of electronic documents, a consultant database, a jobs listing service, a news bulletin board, and specialized discussion groups. The Gateway features more than 3,000 online documents and over 900 listings of microfinance institutions.

New Economics Foundation

The new economics foundation (nef) is a London-based “think-and-do tank” that promotes economic well-being by innovating the intersection of economic, environmental, and social issues. Founded in 1986 by the leaders of The Other Economic Summit (TOES) to promote issues like green taxes, alternative economic indicators, ethical investment, and social auditing, nef conducts original research and provides consulting and training services. Key projects include The Happy Planet Index and alternative measurement tools like Social Return on Investment.

Power Cube

Seeking to provide a better understanding of power relations in organizations and wider social and political spaces, Powercube.net presents practical and conceptual materials on power relations in efforts to bring about social change.  A collective effort, Powercube.net offers practical guides for workshops and resources for how to turn strategies into action, and encourages individuals to contribute and share content.

 

Social and Enterprise Development Innovations

Based in Toronto, Canada and founded in 1986 with a mission to promote self-employment as a pathway out of poverty, Social and Enterprise Development Innovations has grown to become a leading research and policy advocacy organization in the asset building field in Canada.

UK Worker Co-operatives Blog (Manchester, UK)

UK Worker Co-operatives is a blog by Co-operatives UK aimed at promoting and uniting co-operative enterprises. This blog for worker co-operative issues and activities in the UK was started in 2008. The blog provides resources to start a co-operative, while highlighting interesting co-ops and their projects.

Individual Wealth Preservation

Foreclosure Prevention Resource Center

The Foreclosure Prevention Resource Center is an online resource of the Urban Affairs Coalition of Philadelphia, offering resources to homeowners trying to protect their homes from foreclosure and to helping professionals in the community. The site has resources such as a foreclosure prevention guide, a chart on the effects of foreclosure, and contacts with connection to foreclosure prevention.

Financial Capability Institute

Center for Financial Services Innovation

The Financial Capability Institute website is an online resource from the Center for Financial Services Innovation (CFSI) that provides nonprofits with resources to learn how to integrate high-quality financial mechanisms into their organization. The website offers information on the financial capability approach, nonprofit self-assesment tools, and other tools and resources to connect organizations with product partners.

Center for Financial Services Innovation

An affiliate of the nonprofit CDFI ShoreBank, the Center for Financial Services Innovation (CFSI) is a national expert on financial services for the unbanked and under-banked. Its goals include improving the quality of existing services and better tailoring financial services to meet the needs and desires of the under-banked community. The ultimate goal is to facilitate savings and asset-building through financial services. Founded in 2004, CFSI focuses on 6 main areas in order to assist service providers, expand the literature, and influence public policy: Research & Strategy, Investment, Networking, Roundtables, Communication, and Public Policy.

Council for Economic Education

The Council for Economic Education is a nonprofit organization that offers comprehensive financial education curriculum to K-12 schools. The Council's programs include the basics of entrepreneurship, teacher resources, and assessment standards—reaching over 15 million students in the U.S. and more than 30 other countries each year. Its mission is to advocate better personal finance education in primary and secondary schools, as well as to empower young people through financial literacy.

Global Assets Project

The Global Assets Project, launched in 2006, is a collaborative effort of the Center for Social Development and the New America Foundation. Its ultimate goal is poverty alleviation through asset accumulation. The Global Assets Project strives to influence public policy and implement new asset-building programs through research, and attempts to integrate the key elements of microfinance, financial education, social policy and commercial financial services. There are currently asset-building initiatives in 5 continents and 14 countries around the world.

National Consumer Law Center

The National Consumer Law Center (NCLC) is the nation's leading expert on consumer law and advocates on behalf of low-income Americans who are particularly vulnerable to fraud and predatory lending. NCLC pays special attention to such vulnerable groups as the elderly, immigrants, homeowners, former welfare recipients, victims of domestic violence, and military personnel. NCLC's legal work has accomplished numerous policy milestones; for example, NCLC helped end discriminatory car loan practices that persisted for 75 years.

Modernizing Asset Limits: Promoting Savings, Simplicity, and Self-Sufficiency

New America Foundation

A project of the New American Foundation, this website is designed to help build understanding about how caps on savings that preclude receiving public assistance in the form of SNAP (Food Stamps), TANF, and LIHEAP have counterproductive effects. These can include discouraging saving, increasing financial insecurity, and making it harder to achieve financial independence for low-income families. Users of this site can search by state to better understand the complexity of asset limits for specific programs and learn how programs in their communities compare to the rest of the country.

Individual Wealth Building

Asset Building Program (New America Foundation)

This website serves as a clearinghouse for news and research about Individual Development Accounts and related individual asset-building efforts.

Assets and Opportunity Initiative

The national Assets & Opportunity Network works to promote the scope and influence of asset-based strategies.  Through the dissemination of information, resources, and connections, the Network serves both academics and advocates to advance asset movements and deliver asset services.  The Network focuses on local, state, and federal asset-related policy, as well as program implementation.

Center for Social Development (Washington University in St. Louis)

Founded by Michael Sherraden in 1994, the Center for Social Development is widely credited with developing and popularizing the idea of Individual Development Accounts as a method for promoting greater asset accumulation by low-income individuals. The Center regularly provides a directory of state-level IDA programs and publishes research papers.

Economic Success Clearinghouse/WIN, "Individual Development Accounts"

Formerly known as the Welfare Information Network, this website has a large selection of research papers written on Individual Development Accounts, as well as a good overview of innovative state and local programs.

IDA-Pays, USC Rossier School of Education

The Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) at USC conducted a three-year study to determine the impact, potential, and pitfalls of Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) in helping low-income students gain access to and find success in higher education. This website is dedicated to their findings and provides various other resources and publications for policy stakeholders. In addition to research, the website offers information on how to start an education IDA and best practices.

Institute on Assets and Social Policy (Brandeis University)

The Institute on Assets and Social Policy was established in 1999 to promote and advance individual asset-building policy choices that promise to reduce hunger and poverty in the nation by addressing their root causes. Its mission is to broaden and redefine the asset development concept and familiarize the public, media, and policy leaders with the asset development approach.

Green Economy

Accelerating Low-Carbon Development in the World’s Cities

Andy Gouldson, Sarah Colenbrander, Andrew Sudmant, Nick Godfrey, Joel Millward-Hopkins, Wanli Fang and Xiao Zhao

Using the STAR Community Rating System to Integrate Sustainability into Community Planning Efforts

Lacey Shaver and David Abell

One of the top reasons that U.S. cities and counties come to STAR Communities is because they are looking for ways to strengthen and support local planning efforts. This document is designed for local government staff and planners and provides guidance on how to use the STAR Community Rating System to integrate sustainability into comprehensive, strategic, and sustainability plans. 

Alternative Energy Press

This website provides a clearinghouse of news and information about renewable energy technologies from the alternative energy industry. On this site, you will find articles, press releases, discussion forums, and links to other media from sources like Flickr, StumbleUpon, and YouTube.

American Society of Landscape Architects Sustainability Toolkit

The American Society of Landscape Architects' Sustainability Toolkit provides policy makers and design professionals with online toolkits, assessment tools, checklists, modeling software, and case studies to help them create sustainable projects at the regional, urban, and local levels. Designed to complement an earlier series of thematic resources guides, the toolkit will include environmental, economic and social models.

Building for Sustainability (Chicago Community Loan Fund)

The Chicago Community Loan Fund (CCLF) works with community development corporations to provide flexible financing and free or low-cost technical assistance. At the core of CCLF is green design to guide and facilitate affordable housing, economic development, and social services in low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. Since 1991, CCLF has provided more than $36 million in financing that has enabled the creation of more than 5,200 homes, 1,000 jobs, and over 1.7 million square feet of commercial and nonprofit utility space.

Center for Land Use Education (CLUE)

Established in July 2000, The Center for Land Use Education (CLUE) is a joint venture of the College of Natural Resources at the University of Wisconsin, Stevens Pointand and Cooperative Extension in collaboration with UW System institutions. The website provides publications, resources, and events related to the programming coordination for land use education.

Center for Sustainability at Penn State

The Center, housed in the School of Engineering, aims to integrate innovative Green Design Architecture and Engineering technologies and practices into the Center's sustainability education programming. Research focus areas include food security, green design architecture and engineering, hybrid energy systems, natural wastewater treatment and engineering education.

Climate and Energy Project, The Land Institute

The Climate and Energy Project (CEP), a project of the Kansas-based Land Institute, seeks through its programs and its website materials to support lively, informed conversations about the Midwest's energy future. The group aims to help halt the Midwest's contributions to global warming and climate change, and supports the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by increasing energy efficiency and developing renewable energies in a sustainable manner.

Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency

Established in 1995, the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency is an ongoing project of the North Carolina Solar Center and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The database provides a comprehensive source of information on state, local, utility, and federal incentives that promote renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Donella Meadows Institute

The Donella Meadows Institute (formerly named the Sustainability Institute), based in Hartland, Vermont, was founded in 1996 to apply systems thinking and organizational learning to economic, environmental and social challenges. The Institute works for change in three ways: through workshops, leadership development, and consulting; by targeting specific systems and issues, including natural resource economies, climate change, energy, and regional development; and by applying the consulting, workshops, and research work to develop conceptual frameworks for large-scale change. The site includes many papers based on the Institute's research work.

Econ 4

Econ4 is focused on redefining the economics profession - shifting it from a discipline focused on short-run output and profits to one that aims to secure long-run human well-being. To accomplish this goal, an economy must meet four necessary conditions: a level playing field, resilience, true-cost pricing and real democracy. Econ4 strives to change the current orthodoxy through disseminating these ideas through new media, transforming the traditional introductory economics class for undergraduates, altering the profession by targeting how economics PhD's are trained, and trying to instill a body of ethics into a profession that has often refused to adopt or talk about one.

Erb Institute, University of Michigan

Created in 1996, the Erb Institute for Global Sustainable Enterprise is a 50-50 partnership between the School of Natural Resources and Environment and the Stephen M. Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan. Its main areas of research are: alternative energy and clean technology, climate strategy and carbon policy, mega-city mobility and accessibility, social enterprise, and green building/development.

Green Infrastructure Center

The Green Infrastructure Center (GIC) provides communities with direct service, advice and analysis for green infrastructure planning, helping them create a development strategy that allows them to protect and conserve their ecological and cultural assets in a sustainable manner. Since its founding in 2007, GIC has already completed eight planning field tests in urban, rural and suburban landscapes, and has advised five regional planning districts in Virginia.

Green Power Network, US Dept. of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Recyclable Energy

The Green Power Network provides information on green power markets and related activities. The site provides up-to-date news on green power providers, product offerings, consumer protection issues, and policies affecting green power markets. It also includes a reference library of relevant papers, articles and reports. The Green Power Network is operated and maintained by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy.

GreenBiz

GreenBiz publishes daily on topics regarding how to align environmental responsibility with business success. In addition to daily news feeds, Green Biz's website also has electronic newsletters, briefing papers, and other reports regarding the United States' growing green economy.

Gund Institute for Ecological Economics

The Gund Institute for Ecological Economics at the University of Vermont is a research center focused on shifting economic goals away from infinite growth to environmental sustainability. Dedicated to integrating community participation in the design and development of economic-decision making, the Gund Institute holds problem-solving workshops in local communities, or ateliers. The ateliers are flexible workshops that bring students directly into communities to tackle socio-environmental issues.

Interstate Renewable Energy Council

Formed in 1982 as a non-profit organization, the mission of the Interstate Renewable Energy Council is to accelerate the sustainable utilization of renewable energy sources and technologies in and through state and local government and community activities. The group's members include state energy offices, city energy offices, other municipal and state agencies, national laboratories, solar and renewable organizations and companies, and individuals.

Kerr Center for Sustainable Agriculture

Established in Oklahoma in 1965, the Kerr Center (then the “Agricultural Division” of the Kerr Foundation) was established to provide farmers and ranchers in the area with free technical assistance and information on how to improve their operations, with an emphasis on wise stewardship. In the 1980s, the Center acquired its current name and added a specific focus on sustainable agriculture that preserves natural resources, protects the natural environment, and improves the quality of life for farmers and ranchers. The website contains a considerable number of articles on farmers markets and other forms of community-based food production.

National Association of Counties' Green Purchasing Toolkit

Developed by the National Association of Counties, U.S. Communities, the Responsible Purchasing Network and Green Seal, this green purchasing toolkit enables counties across the nation to reduce their negative environmental impacts without compromising on cost or performance.  The website offers information and evaluations on different types of green products, assessment tools so that counties can evaluate what point they are starting from, and a model process for how to implement a green purchasing program.

National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service

The National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service lists news, events and funding opportunities and provides comprehensive publications and reports regarding sustainable agriculture and organic farming.  The site contains a section specifically dedicated to urban and community agriculture, providing resource links and downloadable reports.

North Carolina Solar Center

Created in 1988 and housed at the College of Engineering at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, the North Carolina Solar Center serves as a clearinghouse for solar and other renewable energy programs, information, research, technical assistance, and training for the citizens of North Carolina and beyond.

Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory (University of California, Berkeley)

The Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory (RAEL) is a research, development, project implementation, and community outreach facility based at the University of California, Berkeley in the Energy and Resources Group and the Department of Nuclear Engineering. RAEL focuses on designing, testing, and disseminating renewable and appropriate energy systems. The Laboratory's mission is to help these technologies realize their full potential to contribute to environmentally sustainable development in both industrialized and developing nations while also addressing the cultural context and range of potential social impacts of any new technology or resource management system.

Solar Energy International

Solar Energy International is a U.S.-based, non-profit organization offering online courses and hands-on workshops in solar, wind and water power and environmental building technologies in 22 locations worldwide. The website also contains a number of articles on renewable energy written by staff, alumni and guest instructors.

UCSC (University of California, Santa Cruz) Green Enterprise Initiative

The UCSC Green Enterprise Initiative seeks to harness the research and energies of the university community to the planning and administrative capacities of the city in order to promote a range of green enterprises. With its existing advantages – people, environment, research capacity—Santa Cruz could build on these strengths to promote green enterprise. These enterprises could include industry, commerce, services, agriculture, and knowledge production. This site includes links to a wide range of other sites, including local green businesses, eco-industrial parks throughout the United States, green city programs, green university partnership programs, and many other information resources.

University of Kansas, Center for Sustainability

The Center for Sustainability promotes a culture of sustainability on the University of Kansas campus. The Center facilitates research, learning opportunities, policies, and practices that address environmental, economic, and social responsibility, including developing an outline in the summer of 2007 of what is anticipated to be an upcoming comprehensive campus-based sustainability report.

Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs)

Beyster Institute

The Beyster Institute's mission is to advance the use of entrepreneurship and employee ownership to build stronger, higher performing enterprises nationally and internationally. Launched in 2002 by the Foundation for Enterprise Development, the Institute is now part of the Rady School of Management at UC San Diego, and is the nation's only university-based center to integrate both employee ownership and entrepreneurship.

Capital Ownership Group

The Capitol Ownership Group (COG) is an on-line think-tank that works to promote the advancement of broad-ownership systems, specifically employee ownership, and the raising of social and wage standards on an international level through policy proposals and advocacy.

CasePlace.org

Created by the Aspen Institute's Center for Business Education, CasePlace.org is a resource that provides teaching material on business and sustainability- from corporate governance to sustainable development. With the recent addition of the Curriculum Library on Employee Ownership, the site is home to the largest collection of teaching materials on employee ownership.

Center for Economic and Social Justice

The Center for Economic and Social Justice is a non-profit, non-partisan education and research organization dedicated to promoting economic justice on a global scale by expanding capital ownership to a broader segment of society.

National Center for Employee Ownership (NCEO), Electronic Reference Desk

In the articles and research section of its website, NCEO maintains a wide range of resource materials on employee ownership, employee stock ownership plans, and broadly-granted stock options.

Owners at Work

Published on a quarterly basis by the Ohio Employee Ownership Center, Owners at Work is a leading periodical examining issues facing employee ownership both in Ohio and throughout the United States.

Cross-Sectoral

Gilded Giving

Institute for Policy Studies

Community Tool Box

The Community Tool Box, a project of the Kansas University Work Group for Community Health and Development, is the world's largest resource for building capacity for community health and development. Their website provides guidance in developing community-building skills, models for taking action, and success stories in community development. Users of the site can access toolkits for various steps in the community work process, information on how a community-focused organization can develop necessary skills, troubleshooting guidance, databases of best practices, and experts ready to answer questions.

Big Ideas for Jobs

An initiative of the University of California, Berkeley with the support of the Annie E. Casey Foundation and W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Big Ideas for Jobs is an effort to tackle unemployment in the short-term. Bringing together more than a dozen experts from a variety of fields, the project tasked them with coming up with job creation ideas that require limited investment and are practical, tested and available to low-skilled workers. In addition to listing the many reports and ideas for this initiative, the website also allows for visitors to submit their own short-term employment ideas to be considered for inclusion in the next Big Jobs report.

Center for Community Capital, University of North Carolina

The Center for Community Capital conducts research on the role of CDCs and CDFIs, with a focus in three areas; 1) Exploring ways to leverage electronic banking technology to create new markets for financial services and savings accumulation opportunities for residents of underserved communities; 2) Supporting community wealth-building through home ownership; and 3) Documenting the business potential of America's urban and rural emerging markets.

COMM-ORG

Founded in 1995 and hosted at the University of Toledo, COMM-ORG has evolved into a community of scholars, community organizers, community development workers, and others that looks at a broad array of community wealth building strategies. The website includes a wide range of scholarly articles and links to many other related sites of interest.

Demos

Founded in 1999, Demos is a multi-faceted research and advocacy organization that focuses on issues of democracy, the health of the public sector, and the creation of a public realm of debate and ideas. It also has an economic opportunity program that focuses on promoting new ideas in the areas of higher education, income and asset-based policy as means of building wealth among people of low and moderate incomes.

Innovation@cfed

innovation@cefd is a new resource site launched by CFED, a leading asset-building organization, which hopes to facilitate the next generation of effective strategies to build economic opportunity. The Innovators-in-Residence program will help identify individuals with promising ideas who would benefit from additional monetary and technical support.

Insight Center for Community Economic Development

Formerly known as the National Economic Development and Law Center, the Insight Center has restated its mission as “Helping people and communities become, and remain, economically secure.” The group works across sectors and has had a perspective of race to its work, including a project to expand the impact of experts of color in the savings and asset building field, as well as innovative research that will help strengthen minority- and women-owned businesses.

Institute for Comprehensive Community Development

A project of LISC Chicago, the Institute for Comprehensive Community Development works to build the capacity of community development practitioners by providing technical assistance to community development initiatives across the nation, highlighting and developing best practices and supporting public policy that effectively links government programs to community development.  The Institute focuses on a holistic approach that looks beyond single issue, project-based strategies and instead incorporates a broad vision of how local agencies, organizations and institutions can partner to improve a community's quality of life.

Institute for Local Self-Reliance

The Institute for Local Self-Reliance takes a comprehensive approach to community building. Its “Rules Library” provides a wealth of practical examples of local legislation that has supported local community wealth-building efforts and can be used as templates for similar efforts in other communities. The ILSR web site also contains many publications on efforts to develop environmentally sustainable businesses as part of a community wealth-building strategy.

Institute for New Economic Thinking

Founded in October 2009, the Institute for New Economic Thinking is a nonprofit that seeks to promote changes to our current economic system and support new paradigms in the understanding of economic processes through conferences, grants and education initiatives.  George Soros has pledged $50 million over ten years to fund this Institute; the majority of the funds will finance grants.

Our Native Circle

Our Native Circle serves as an online community and resource where Native and non-Native community economic development practitioners can come together in force to share, inform, learn and connect. Site members include Native CDFIs (Community Development Financial Institutions), tribes, Native organizations, individuals, foundations, social entrepreneurs, investors, consultants, trainers and others working in and supporting Native community development.

Poverty & Race Research Action Council

Founded in 1990, the Poverty & Race Research Action Council aims to generate, gather and disseminate research on the relationship between race and poverty, and to promote policies and practices that alleviate conditions caused by the interaction of race and poverty.

Pratt Center for Community Development (PCCD)

PCCD helps advance public policy that supports sustainable, equitable, community-led development. PCCD's research and advocacy efforts have included the promotion of inclusionary zoning, support for mutual housing associations, publishing oral histories of community development corporations, and participation in the successful effort to establish an affordable housing trust fund in New York State.

Restoring Prosperity Initiative: The Brookings Institution

The Brookings Institution's Restoring Prosperity Initiative is a research project that looks at ways to restore prosperity in America's struggling cities, particularly those in the Northeast and Midwest, by directing states and cities to adopt policies that will support urban community wealth building. This initiative focuses on strategies in six states (Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Connecticut), as well as in some large cities in the Northeast and Midwest outside those states, such as Baltimore.

Stablecommunities.org

Providing community-based solutions to the foreclosure crisis, Stablecommunities.org is a new resource site for community development practitioners. Sponsored by NeighborWorks, the site features sections on how to address the increase in vacant property, on gathering support from various programs and partnerships, and on advocating for policy changes on the state, local and national level.

Sustainable Communities Resource Center, HUD

The Sustainable Communities Resource Center compiles research, reports, and new ideas that support local and regional strategies for sustainable housing and planning.  In partnership with federal agencies and local communities, the mission of this office is to promote sustainable communities by fostering local innovation, job creation, and building a clean energy economy. Their Sustainable Communities Initiative facilitates a comprehensive regional plan to direct state, metropolitan, and local investments into land, transportation, and housing development.

Vital Communities Toolbox

Maintained by the Planning Department of Tompkins County (Ithaca and environs) in upstate New York, this website contains an "A-Z" listing of different community wealth-building tools, ranging from business incubators to community land trusts to transit-oriented development, to name just a few of the topics.

Yellow Wood Associates

Yellow Wood Associates is a women-owned, small business, consulting firm focused on rural community economic development. Working with federal, state, and local governments, non-profit organizations, community groups and foundations, Yellow Wood strives to allow communities and their economies to reach material sufficiency, not maximization, and to promote responsible stewardship of shared natural resources. Yellow Wood provides capacity building, a green community technology service, feasibility studies and economic and fiscal impact analyses for clients.

Cooperatives

Arthur Capper Cooperative Center (Kansas State)

The Arthur Capper Cooperative Center (ACCC) at Kansas State provides research-based information, education and assistance to people interested in cooperative-based businesses.

Co-op 100 (courtesy of the National Cooperative Bank)

The Co-op 100 lists the 100 largest cooperatives (in terms of revenue). In 2003, the 100 largest co-ops alone had a combined $117 billion in sales and controlled $284 billion in assets.

Co-op Month website (courtesy of the National Cooperative Business Association)

This website, developed in 2004, includes a directory of over 14,000 co-ops in the United States, a number of studies on the economic impact of cooperatives, cases studies of dozens of cooperatives in different sectors, and links to leading national co-op sector organizations.

Communities Directory

The Communities Directory is a listing of intentional communities — people who live together or share land for a common purpose. Different types of intentional communities are eco-villages, co-housing (private housing with shared common facilities), community land trusts, and housing cooperatives. The Communities Directory lists more than 1,200 groups throughout Canada and the United States.

Cooperative Grocer

Cooperative Grocer is the leading publication of the food cooperative industry. The web site has articles of back issues for the past 20 years.

Cooperative Grocers' Information Network

The Cooperative Grocers' Information Network is the leading site for information exchange among food cooperatives.

Cultivate.Coop

Cultivate.Coop is as an online hub for pooling knowledge and resources on cooperatives. It provides a free forum for those interested in cooperatives and serves as a place where people can build educational tools for the co-op community.

Data Commons Project

The Data Commons Project is a collaborative effort among a diverse array of organizations in the U.S. and Canada who share a mission of building and supporting the development of a cooperative economy. The group aims to develop an accurate, comprehensive, public database of cooperative economic initiatives in North America.

Discussion Course on Cooperatives

The Discussion Course on Cooperatives is a group-education tool for people who would like to become familiar with cooperative economics, history and philosophy. The discussion format is centered around carefully selected readings made accessible through a concisely planned anthology. Short readings and lively interpersonal discussions make it an ideal learning environment for busy people who would like to maximize their educational experience.

Filene Research Institute

The Filene Research Institute is a leading research institute of the credit union industry that publishes many studies and has been a leader in encouraging credit unions to address the needs of low-income people who lack bank accounts. While its studies are pricey for non-members, abstracts of these studies are available in the Institute's newsletter, which can be downloaded from the site for free.

Go Co-op

Whether the goal is understanding what a co-op is, searching for one nearby or starting a new co-op, Go Coop is a resource for much of what one needs to know about co-ops. This user-friendly resource is invaluable for anyone exploring or venturing into the world of co-ops.

Quentin Burdick Center for Cooperatives (North Dakota State)

This web site makes available a large number of studies on agricultural cooperatives, as well as the text of speeches from leading agricultural cooperative leaders.

University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives

The Center for Cooperatives at the University of Wisconsin conducts research, training, and education on cooperatives. Its web site includes an extensive clearinghouse of information on nearly all sectors of the cooperative movement.