Transit-Oriented Development

Voorhees Transportation Center

Established in 1998 and housed in the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University in New Jersey, the Center conducts research on transportation policy issues, with a number of publications on transit-oriented development.

Twin Cities TOD Toolkit

An initiative of Reconnecting America, this project focuses on Minneapolis-St. Paul, but has applicability to projects elsewhere. Identifying lessons learned from the Hiawatha Corridor, the first light rail line to be built in the Twin Cities region, as well as lessons from other transit projects around the country, the Twin Cities TOD Toolkit provides technical assistance and information for people interested in the ways in which transit-oriented development can help reshape growth.

Transit Cooperative Research Program

This website, hosted by the American Public Transit Association, makes available over a hundred publications regarding public transit, including a 2004 national study on transit-oriented development.


Smart Growth Network

Smart Growth Online is a web-based catalogue of Smart Growth related news, events, and information, including a broad range of resources on transit and transit-oriented development. Developed and funded through a cooperative agreement between the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Sustainable Communities Network, the website is designed to advance understanding of how smart growth can improve community livability.


Since 1995, Rail-volution has been a leading conference that has brought together innovative minds from a variety of disciplines, including elected officials, advocates, developers, urban planners, transportation experts, financiers, citizen groups, architects and others, to discuss public transit-related issues. Presentations from the previous year's conference are available on line.

New Partners for Smart Growth

The New Partners for Smart Growth Conference, organized by the Local Government Commission of Sacramento, California, has grown rapidly since it began in 2001. The 2006 conference brought together nearly 1,250 participants and over 250 speakers. Presentations from past conference speakers are available for free download from the site.

Mineta Transportation Institute

Founded in 1991 and housed at San Jose State University in California's Silicon Valley, the Mineta Transportation Institute engages in a wide range of research on transportation issues, with a wealth of publications available on line.

Federal Transit Administration

The Federal Transit Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation administers federal funding to support a variety of locally planned, constructed, and operated public transportation systems throughout the U.S., including buses, subways, light rail, commuter rail, streetcars, monorail, passenger ferry boats, inclined railways, and people movers. The agency also publishes a number of studies on these topics, which are available on its website.

Connecting the West Corridor Communities

The Center for Transit-Oriented Development working with the City and County of Denver, the City of Lakewood, the Denver Housing Authority, and Metro West Housing Solutions has produced this 2011 report on the strategy for transit-oriented development along the Denver Region's West Corridor.

California Department of Transportation, California Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Database

This site, maintained by the California Department of Transportation (better known as "Caltrans"), contains links to reports with detailed information on transit-oriented development in ten U.S. cities outside California as well as more than 20 transit-oriented developments (TODs) in California. The reports include land uses, site maps, implementation processes, financing, facilities, zoning, design features, pedestrian access, transit services, photos, travel benefits, contact information, and other valuable data.

Transit-Oriented Development

Can private enterprise save BART?

Timothy Roberts
Silicon Valley/San Jose Business Journal

How Metro Shapes D.C.

Zachary M. Schrag
Washington Post, page B01

Linking Community Development to Transit Oriented Development

Local Initiatives Support Corporation
Growing Smart Neighborhoods: Information, Models and Trends for Community Developers

Promoting Opportunity through Equitable Transit-Oriented Development (eTOD): Making the Case

John Hersey and Michael A. Spotts

Promoting Opportunity through Equitable TOD: Making the Case, the first of three reports that cover different aspects of eTOD, provides a non-exhaustive review of the evidence and literature that demonstrates the importance of eTOD. A second report will illustrate barriers to eTOD and best practices for overcoming them, while the third will address the federal role in supporting eTOD. 

Capturing the Value of Transit

Nadine Fogarty, Nancy Eaton, Dena Belzer and Gloria Ohland

Preserving and Promoting Diverse Transit-Oriented Neighborhoods

Dena Belzer, Scott Bernstein, Cali Gorewitz, Carrie Makarewicz, jennifer McGraw, Shelley Poticha, Abby Thorne-Lyman and Mariia Zimmerman

Communicating the Benefits of TOD: The City of Evanston's Transit-Oriented Redevelopment and the Hudson Bergen Light Rail Transit System

Cali Gorewitz, Gloria Ohland , Carrie Makarewicz, Albert Benedict, ChaNell Marshall, Jan S. Wells and Martin Robins
prepared for the Development, Community and Environment Division of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Transit-Oriented Development: Developing a Strategy to Measure Success

John L. Renne and Jan S. Wells
National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Research Results Digest 294

Transit-Oriented Development in Four Cities

Gloria Ohland
paper presented to the Partnership for Regional Livability conference in Chicago, Illinois in August 2001

The Zoning and Real Estate Implications of Transit-Oriented Development

S. Mark White and edited by James B. McDaniel
Legal Research Digest 12, Transit Cooperative Research Program

Building the Case for Racial Equity in the Food System

Anthony Giancatarino and Simran Noor
The Center for Social Inclusion

This report from The Center for Social Inclusion examines the effects of housing, school, land, and wage policies on access to healthy food in communities of color. It offers recommendations to surmount these challenges, such as investing in cooperatively owned food enterprises and leveraging dollars from the Affordable Care Act’s community benefit requirements for nonprofit hospitals. The report also includes several reference guides to help community groups identify and confront the particular institutions, policies, and practices that promote structural racial inequity in their food systems. 

Losing Ground: The Struggle of Moderate-Income Households to Afford Rising Costs Of Housing and Transportation

Robert Hickey, Jeffrey Lubell, Peter Haas and Stephanie Morse

The Center for Housing Policy and the Center for Neighborhood Technology’s new report by Robert Hickey and Jeffrey Lubell measures how combined housing and transportation costs burden moderate-income households.  Looking at the 25 largest metro areas in the United States and using newly available data, the report finds that the problem has not only gotten worse in the last decade but also that moderate-income households are disproportionately saddled by these heavier costs. Notably, transportation costs vary greatly and influence the overall affordability of metro areas significantly. Moderate-income homeowners also carry heavier cost burden than renters. The report offers policy implications of these trends and highlight promising approaches available to local and state governments that help make the combined costs of place more manageable for moderate-income.

Are We There Yet? Creating Complete Communities for 21st Century America

Gloria Ohland and Allison Brooks

In this report, Reconnecting America focuses on creating complete communities – places where people can live, work, move, and thrive in a healthier, more equitable, and more economically competitive way — and identifies opportunity areas — the places within our cities and regions where we can get a jump-start on this vision.  Rating all 366 U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas based on indicators in four categories: Living, Working, Moving and Thriving, the authors offer examples of successful policies and strategies for “completing” communities — from zoning changes and suburban retrofits to community benefits agreements.

Fostering Equitable and Sustainable Transit-Oriented Development

Center for Transit-Oriented Development
Briefing Papers for a Convening on Transit-Oriented Development

Public Transportation: Benefits for the 21st Century

American Public Transportation Association
Public Transportation: Benefits for the 21st Century

The Role of State DOTs in Support of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)

Mary Kay Bailey, L. Anderson, N. Bottigheimer, D. Somerset, A. Hopkins, G. Labonty, J. Parks, R. Rybeck and M. Sims
report to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

The Emerging U.S. Rail Industry: Opportunities to support American manufacturing and spur regional development

Erik R. Pages, Brian Lombardozzi and Lindsey Woolsey

This paper examines the current state of the U.S. rail transit industry along with its manufacturing supply chain and provides recommendations about potential changes for policy makers and NIST MEP to consider.